Victims are not made aware of the attack as the exploit opens a decoy Word document to hide any sign of infection. McAfee security researchers claim the earliest attacks date back to January. It's unknown if Microsoft will patch the bug tomorrow on Patch Tuesday. In the meantime, users are advised to ignore suspicious Word documents or to open them in Protected View:
People should be highly suspicious of any Word document that arrives in an e-mail, even if the sender is well known. The attacks observed by McAfee are unable to work when a booby-trapped document is viewed in an Office feature known as Protected View. Those who choose to open an attached Word document should exercise extreme caution before disabling Protected View. There's no word yet if use of Microsoft's Enhanced Mitigation Experience Toolkit prevents the exploit from working.