This radical rethink would mean the end of motherboards and PCBs. Instead, the professors want to bond the chip on a relatively thick silicon wafer. All other necessary components can be bonded directly to the silicon, this includes processors, memory dies, analog and RF chiplets, voltage-regulator modules, and even passive components such as inductors and capacitors. The chips and the silicon substrate contract and expand at the same rate as they cool and heat, which eliminates the need for solder bumps. Heat sinks can be mounted on both sides of the silicon-interconnect fabric (Si-IF), potentially boosting heat dissipation by up to 70 percent.
Silicon-interconnect fabric, or Si-IF, offers an added bonus. It’s an excellent path toward the dissolution of the f(relatively) big, complicated, and difficult-to-manufacture systems-on-chips that currently run everything from smartphones to supercomputers. In place of SoCs, system designers could use a conglomeration of smaller, simpler-to-design, and easier-to-manufacture chiplets tightly interconnected on an Si-IF. This chiplet revolution is already well under way, with AMD, Intel, Nvidia, and others offering chiplets assembled inside of advanced packages. Silicon-interconnect fabric expands that vision, breaking the system out of the package to include the entire computer.Full details over here. There are some interesting points in the article, but it's definitely a radical rethink that would require cooperation from most of the industry. There are also drawbacks of course, especially in terms of modularity and expandability.