Scientists create the very first 1nm transistor

Posted on Friday, Oct 07 2016 @ 16:21 CEST by Thomas De Maesschalck
A team of researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) announced the creation of world's first proof-of-concept transistor with a working 1nm gate. The transistor was made using carbon nanotubes and molybdenum disulfide, a material typically used as an automotive engine lubricant.

Team leader Ali Javey claims the work shows that with proper material choice, there's still a lot of room to shrink electronics to smaller nodes, and that this transistor illustrates there's a path beyond 5nm. You can read more about how they created thi transistor over here.
“The semiconductor industry has long assumed that any gate below 5 nanometers wouldn’t work, so anything below that was not even considered,” said study lead author Sujay Desai, a graduate student in Javey’s lab. “This research shows that sub-5-nanometer gates should not be discounted. Industry has been squeezing every last bit of capability out of silicon. By changing the material from silicon to MoS2, we can make a transistor with a gate that is just 1 nanometer in length, and operate it like a switch.”


“This work demonstrated the shortest transistor ever,” said Javey, who is also a UC Berkeley professor of electrical engineering and computer sciences. “However, it’s a proof of concept. We have not yet packed these transistors onto a chip, and we haven’t done this billions of times over. We also have not developed self-aligned fabrication schemes for reducing parasitic resistances in the device. But this work is important to show that we are no longer limited to a 5-nanometer gate for our transistors. Moore’s Law can continue a while longer by proper engineering of the semiconductor material and device architecture.”
1bl transistor

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Thomas De Maesschalck

Thomas has been messing with computer since early childhood and firmly believes the Internet is the best thing since sliced bread. Enjoys playing with new tech, is fascinated by science, and passionate about financial markets. When not behind a computer, he can be found with running shoes on or lifting heavy weights in the weight room.

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