Microsoft revealed the soon-to-be-published Windows 10 Fall Creators Update will contain two new anti-cheating technologies. These are called TruePlay and Game Monitor, these two techniques will be somewhat similar to the VAC (Valve Anti-Cheating) technology that's employed by the Steam store.
The caveat is the technology requires the Universal Windows Platform (UWP), so it can only be used by games bought via the Windows Store. This means adoption will be pretty low. TruePlay and Game Monitor aim to weed out cheating within PC games, like the use of aimbots and other common manipulations.
Games with TruePlay run in a "protected" (read: sandboxed) process, which mitigates a class of common cheating tools, as the game's real PID is never exposed to other processes. A separate Windows process will be on constant lookout for behaviors and manipulations that are common in cheating scenarios. Data (read: telemetry) of this process will be shared with game developers after determining that cheating could have occurred.