AMD Zen 3 refresh with 3D Vertical Cache to pack 15% gaming performance gain

Posted on Tuesday, June 01 2021 @ 10:40 CEST by Thomas De Maesschalck
AMD logo
We'll see the launch of AMD's Zen 4 "Raphael" processors in 2022 and today we received an update about what to expect from the refresh of the current Ryzen 5000 series. For several months now, there have been rumors about a Zen 3+ processor because it doesn't look like we'll see the Zen 4-based series until sometime late in 2022.

During today's Computex 2021 keynote, AMD CEO Lisa Su revealed a prototype of a Ryzen 5000 series processor with 3D Vertical Cache. This prototype uses a new 3D chiplet technology and AMD claims it will enter production by the end of this year. This lines up perfectly with recent rumors, that the current Vermeer-based Ryzen 5000 series will be succeeded by a Zen 3+ based part called "Warhol".

The new 3D chiplet technology, developed in cooperation with TSMC, enables the bonding of 64MB of 7nm SRAM cache directly onto each core complex. This triples the cache per Zen 3 core. According to AMD, you get a 200x improvement in interconnect density, 15x better density than other chip stacking technologies, superior thermal performance, and 2TB/s of bandwidth.

AMD CEO Lisa Su claims the new 3D Vertical Cache delivers an average performance gain of 15 percent for 1080p gaming. This is the performance advantage AMD observed versus the Ryzen 9 5900X, with both chips clocked at 4.0GHz. If true, AMD has managed to deliver a full architecture generation jump worth of performance gains with 3D Vertical Cache.

AnandTech has extra technical details over here.
That means that the original Ryzen 5000 chiplet, with eight cores having access to 32 MB of L3 cache, now becomes an eight-core complex with access to 96 MB of L3 cache. The two dies are bonded with Through Silicon Vias (TSVs), passing power and data between the two. AMD claims that the total bandwidth of the L3 cache increases to beyond 2 TB/sec, which would technically be faster than the L1 cache on the die (but with higher latency).
AMD CPU with 3D chiplet

About the Author

Thomas De Maesschalck

Thomas has been messing with computer since early childhood and firmly believes the Internet is the best thing since sliced bread. Enjoys playing with new tech, is fascinated by science, and passionate about financial markets. When not behind a computer, he can be found with running shoes on or lifting heavy weights in the weight room.

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